France

Daily Visual 04.12.15: The Law of 14 Frimaire

On this day on 4 December 1793, during the French Revolution, the Law of 14 Frimaire was passed, consolidating power in the hands of Maximilien Robespierre’s Committee of Public Safety. By the spring of 1793, the French Republic was beset by war, internal rebellion, and political division. The Revolutionary Wars had commenced in earnest in April 1792, when France declared war against…

Profile: Parfums de Nicolaï

The perfume house Parfums de Nicolaï was established in 1989 by Patricia de Nicolaï and her husband Jean-Louis Michau. Born in Paris with an unparalleled lineage, as the great-granddaughter of Pierre Guerlain and the niece of Jean-Paul Guerlain, Patricia studied chemistry at university and attended the Institut supérieur international du parfum, de la cosmétique et de l’aromatique alimentaire (ISIPCA) – the renowned post-graduate…